However ever since endowing us with true hybrid capturing talents, many digicam producers have been dragging their ft by arbitrarily crippling their DSLR and Mirrorless video modes to make them virtually superior – however not superior sufficient to cannibalise their gross sales of devoted ‘prosumer’ video cameras.
Till just lately, this crippling pained us with omitting issues reminiscent of full body 4K, excessive body charges, skilled video file codecs and importantly, the power to modify between stills and movie quickly and seamlessly.
So why lastly give us the total pie? Other than sooner processors, a number of different issues helped usher on this newest era of hybrid cameras. Smartphones hybrid capabilities have killed the profitability within the decrease finish shopper market.
Additionally, upstarts like Sony and Panasonic stepped into the fray with superb hybrid mirrorless fashions. The end result was that by the mid 2010s, competitors was heating up.
This brings us to the present era of mirrorless cameras which are endowed with a bunch of revolutionary inclusions reminiscent of physique mixture lens picture stabilization, tremendous correct eye monitoring focus, insane low gentle talents and really succesful movie codecs together with 10bit 4:2:2 recording (that means a billion coloration mixtures) and 8K RAW video.
Lastly, we now have all of the components to be each a VERY succesful photographer and cinematographer.
Mastering images first
Stanley Kubrick was a genius director who initially developed his eye as a stills photographer. He turned well-known for realizing many iconic pictures and movie scenes. Regardless of whether or not it was nonetheless or transferring, he understood the aesthetic and emotive energy of the picture.
So, if you’re good at images, you actually will not discover it a giant leap to cinematography. Framing, lighting, lenses – they’re all just about the identical ideas. In any case, the movie is only a sequence of pictures performed again collectively, or, as I like to consider it – a digicam motion ‘take’ is only a ‘nonetheless picture’ with two, three or extra ‘pictures’ you transition between.
Establishing your digicam
1) Body Charge
Bear in mind these outdated BW movies and the way they appear so ‘uneven’ and comical? That is as a result of they have been shot between 12-20 fps. Usually, trendy movement photos are shot at 24 to 25 frames per second (fps). That is the minimal velocity wanted to seize video whereas nonetheless sustaining reasonable movement. It is also a velocity we now have grown accustomed to.
Movies which are 30fps can find yourself wanting a bit like a ‘cleaning soap opera’ look however are barely higher for capturing sport. That mentioned, there are benefits of capturing at greater body charges reminiscent of 50(PAL) 60(NTSC) 100(PAL) and even 120(NTSC).
It not solely appears cool to see issues in sluggish movement, but it surely additionally helps stabilize the footage. However it doesn’t matter what the body charge is you choose; the end result will find yourself being displayed at 24 to 25 frames per second. I typically shoot at 100fps to seize ‘dreamy’ lower away / B Roll photographs. The secret is to be sure you shoot something that you simply need to seem ‘regular’, or with sound, at 25fps @ 1/fiftieth second shutter velocity – see extra on that under.
2) Shutter velocity and ND filters
Get used to capturing all the things in Guide. The overall rule is you are going to need to maintain your shutter velocity at roughly double your frames per second. So, 25fps = 1/50s, 50fps = 1/100s, 100fps = 1/200s and so forth.
With regular capturing, this ‘sluggish’ shutter velocity can result in overexposure issues in vivid sunny circumstances. For instance – as an instance you need to shoot outside at say 25fps, 1/50s @ f1.4 @ ISO 100. The best way to retain f1.4 is by utilizing a Impartial Density Filter 32 (ND32) which cuts the quantity of sunshine by 5 stops with out altering color. Or you’ll be able to cease all the way down to f8 – urgh!
You possibly can consider ND filters as principally darkish sun shades to your digicam. You may use a variable ND which is principally two polarisers caught collectively – however this will result in uneven distribution of sunshine on the sensor.
You should buy ND in numerous densities which have their very own annoying unhelpful scientific labeling system. Eg ND 4 = 2 stops, ND8 = 3 stops, ND16 is 4 stops, ND 32 is 5 stops and so forth. Relying on how briskly your lens is and what aperture you need to shoot with – an ND 16 or 32 is an efficient begin. I’ve a ND4 and ND32 in my equipment bag and whereas not advisable, at a pinch you’ll be able to double up and use them collectively.
3) HD, 4K or 8K and Intraframe Codec and RAW
Whereas the concept of capturing at 8K sounds nice, the fact proper now actually is not. Are you aware anybody with an 8K TV but? HD, aka 1080p, is mostly ok for something that you will see on YouTube or social media in your cellphone, laptop computer, or massive monitor, and even on a 4K TV. It is also simpler to edit and retailer all of the footage on laborious drives. Setting your Intraframe Codec to ALL-I can also be preferable to IPB as you’ve extra data within the photographs to repair in publish.
In case you are capturing a brief movie or characteristic – positive, shoot within the highest high quality you’ll be able to. This contains RAW file codecs. It does allow greater high quality and the power to crop and even ‘digitally zoom’ in. Simply be ready to replenish tonnes of CF Categorical Playing cards / SD Playing cards and laborious drives and having so as to add a bunch of RAM to your pc to handle the enhancing course of.
Be careful for half two subsequent week.